仁爱版| 初三下册英语重点词组、句型全梳理,寒假预习必看!

华讯财经网 2019-10-15

Unit 5 ?Topic 1?

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一、?重点词汇


(一)?词形转换

1. attract (v.) 吸引---attraction (名词)-- attractive (adj.) 吸引人的 ? 2. tour ---tourist (名词) 游客

3. introduce (动词)--introduction(名词) ?????????

4.long ( adj. )--- length ( n. )

5. high( adj.) –?height ( n.) ????????????????????

6. wear ---- wore ---- worn

7 enemy -- enemies ??????????????????????????

8. responsible ---- responsibility


( 二.)重点短语


1. know little about ????????对……几乎不了解

Know more / a little / nothing about…

2. place(s) of interest ? ? ? 名胜古迹

3. the birthplace of Chinese culture ???中华文化的发源地 ?

4. attract millions of tourists ???吸引了成百万的游客

5. a great number of ???许多

the number of ? …的数目

6. the second longest river ?第二长河

7. fetch sb. sth. ?= fetch sth. for sb. ??为某人取某物

8. introduce?…in detail ??详细地介绍……???????????

introduce A to B ??把A 介绍给B ?????????????

introduce oneself ? ? 自我介绍 ???????

9.?lie in ??位于……内

10.?run / go through…???流经 / 途经……

11. be well worth doing sth.??很值得做某事

12. regard…as…把……看成…..

be regarded as …被当作…

13. a symbol of imperial power ??帝王权利的象征

14.carve sth. on the stone ?把…刻在石头上

15.guard the whole nation ???守卫整个民族

16.play an important part / role in ?在…发挥重要作用

17.be made of white marble ?由白色的大理石制成

18.stretch from …..to…从…. 延伸到….

19.be made of packed earth and wood ??由成袋的泥土和木头制成

be made of stone and brick ? 由石头和砖块制成

20.bring tourists into China ? ?把游客带入中国

21.a treasure of Chinese civilization ? 中华民族的瑰宝

22.join…together …. ???把…连接在一起

23.wear away (wore away, have / has worn away ) 磨损 ?

24.separate …. from …把…从…分开

25. be famous for ?????因…而着名

be famous as ?…? ?

be known as …. ??作为….而出名

26.an important Chinese export ? 一项很重要的中国出口产品

27.sound similar to ? ? 听起来和…很相像

28.the mild climate ? 温和的气候

29. rich soil ? ?肥沃的土地

30.develop unique tea culture ? ?发展独一无二的茶文化


二.重点句型


1. It is / has been ……?since ….. ???自从…以来已经多久了

2. And many of them are famous, such as Mount Song, Mount Huang and Mount Emei.

它们当中许多很有名,比如嵩山、恒山和峨眉山。

3. Among them, the Changjiang River is the longest one and the second longest one is the Yellow River.

它们当中长江是最长的一条,第二长的是黄河。

4. What grand buildings!多么壮丽的建筑物啊!

5. It’s said that ….. ??????据说…

6. It’s a mountain with lots of strange pine trees. 它是一座长着很多奇松的山

7.It stretches from Shanghaiguan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west . ?

它从东部山海关一直延伸到西部嘉峪关

8.The first emperor ,QinShihuang, joined all these smaller walls together to make the Great Wall.

第一个皇帝秦始皇将所有小城墙连接起来成了长城。

9. These early walls that were made of packed earth and wood wore away in the rain and wind.

由成袋的泥土和木头制成的早期城墙在风雨中磨损了。

10.The Great Wall was first built by ancient people to separate them from their enemies.

\ ?起初建筑长城是为了将人们和敌人分离开。

11. The?Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization and it is regarded as a symbol of the Chinese nation.

长城是中华文明的瑰宝和中华民族的象征。


三、重要知识点


1. If you want to learn more, I?can fetch you Guide to China.

如果你想了解更多,我可以给你拿一本《中国指南》

fetch = go somewhere and bring sth./ sb. back ???到别处去取回或把人请来

fetch sb. sth.= fetch sth. for sb. ??为某人取某物

eg. ?Could you fetch me some chalk? = Could you fetch some chalk for me?

Have you fetched the doctor?

*bring ?指从别处把某人(物)带来(拿来)。

take ??指拿去;带去”。与bring相反。

fetch ?指到别处去取回或把人请来

carry ?指搬动较重的物体,无方向性。

eg. ?Bring me today’s newspaper, please. 请帮我把今天的报纸拿来。

Take this book to my office. 把这本书拿到我的办公室去。

Please fetch a doctor for Lao Li. 请为老李请一位医生来。

Students often help the old man carry water. 学生们经常帮那位老人提水。

2. It (The Yellow River) is the second longest river in China. 它(黄河)是中国的第二长河。

“ the +序数词+形容词最高级+可数名词单数”, 表示“第几……的”。如:

I?think computer is the first most useful tool of all. 我想电脑是所有工具中最有用的。

??The second most important thing is to come here by yourself. 第二重要的事是你自己来到这儿。

3. It goes through nine provinces and finally joins the Bohai Sea. 它流经九个省份,最终汇入渤海湾。

go through ?“穿过;通过”,指通过两边,相当于一条直线

go across ??“穿过;横穿”,指从这边到那边,相当于一条线段

eg. ?go through the street (竖)穿过街道

go across the street ?= cross the street ?(横)过马路

4. be known/famous as…?“作为……而出名”

be known/famous for…?“因……而出名”

be known to…?????????“为……所熟知”

eg. Yao Ming is known/famous as a basketball player. 姚明作为一名蓝球运动员而出名.

West Lake is known/famous for its beautiful scenery. 西湖因秀丽的景色而出名.

Beijing is known to all the people in the world because of the 2008 Olympic Games.

?北京因为2008年奥运会而为全世界人民所熟知.


四.重点语法


定语从句: 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句。而被修饰的名词或代词被称为先行词。

定语从句放在先行词的后面,由关系代词或关系副词引导。

常见的关系代词有:

that ??????????????指代“人或物”

which ????????????指代“物”

who/ whom ????????指代“人”

whose ????????????指代“某人的”

l?关系代词在从句作主语或宾语; whose作定语。作宾语时关系代词可省略。

本话题中出现以下定语从句:

China is a big country that?has about 5,000 years of history.

中国是一个拥有约五千年历史的大国。

?That’s all?(that) I?know. 那是我所知道的全部。

?It’s a book which introduces China in detail. 它是一本详细介绍中国的书。

?It’s Mount Tai that/ which?lies in Shandong Province.

它是位于山东省境内的泰山。

?That’s the most fantastic place (that) I?have ever heard of.

那是我曾听说过的最神奇的地方。

?West Lake?which lies in Hangzhou is one of the most famous lakes in China.

位于杭州市的西湖是中国最着名的湖泊之一。

?There are three beautiful places which?shouldn’t be missed by visitors to China.

有三个不容被来到中国的游客所错过的美丽地方。


Unit 5 Topic

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一、词形转换


1.?think (v.) --- thinker (n.)

2.?lead (v.) ---leader (n.)

3.?sail (v.) --- sailing (n.) --- sailor (n.)

4.?graduate (v.) --- graduation (n.)